Abstract Public health care in Nepal is deteriorating day by day and there is a great challenge for the government to provide better health service to the people. The massive destruction of forest and decline position of the river conditions of Nepal is the determining factor that invites the natural calamities. Nepal is rich in water resources. Still, the rural people here are far from the reach of pure drinking water. This review article depicts the information about the status of arsenicosis in Nepal and the arsenic purification techniques suitable for the rural people. The various arsenic filter systems made by locally available materials have designed by the joint study report of national and international agencies to mitigate the arsenic problem and these have the very good impact in improving the healthcare.